Mushrooms are fleshy, the umbrella-shaped fruiting body of certain fungi. Being a fungus there are many health benefits of mushrooms that can provide several important nutrients. Mushrooms benefits are specialized in subtle flavor, delicate and agreeable texture. It is filled with 90% water, around 3% protein, 5% carbohydrates, 1% fat, and around 1% minerals and vitamins.
Mushrooms are rich source of amino acids, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic, vitamin B and are free of cholesterol and fat. So, mushrooms that are not toxic contains health benefits. You can either add raw mushrooms to the salad or can cook in your dishes. Mushrooms nutrition do not lose any of its mineral and vitamins even after cooking.
Here are some health benefits of mushrooms
1. Protect your brain.
Eating mushrooms twice a week can prevent language and memory problems and can reduce the risk of MCI (mild cognitive impairment). MCI can make people forgetful and can cause problems in attention and locating objects in spaces.
Antioxidants such as ergothioneine and glutathione present in mushrooms benefits can help to prevent Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Reishi mushrooms don’t taste so good but they have the ability to boost cognitive function and also have neuroprotective properties.
Lion’s mane mushrooms are popularly known for their effects on the central nervous system. They improve the focus because they have the ability to stimulate neuropeptide nerve growth factor. Because of the neuroprotective polysaccharides they have, they also have positive effects on neurodegenerative diseases.
Chaga mushrooms benefits in protecting the brain against memory loss and also boost the immune system.
2. Helps in strengthening bone structure.
Almost all edible mushrooms are good for bones. Mushrooms also have calcium which is essential for healthy bone formation.
UVB exposed mushrooms are those which have been exposed to the sunlight during the growth process, unlike other mushrooms that are grown in the dark. These mushrooms have vitamin D and fulfils the requirement of vitamin D in the body, making the bone structure stronger.
Mushrooms benefits include zinc and copper in them too. Copper is beneficial to the brain, the nervous system, and also cardiovascular system. Copper also is an active enzyme that produces connective tissue proteins like collagen and elastin which are important for the development and maintenance of bones and joints.
Zinc is found in the hydroxyapatite mineral crystals in bones and helps in regulating bone turnover. Zinc is essential for the proper functioning of bone alkaline phosphatase.
Mushrooms also have Selenium, Pantothenic acid, Riboflavin, and Potassium. Selenium deficiency is one of the factors for osteoporosis. Pantothenic acid is important for the synthesis of hormones and cholesterol. Riboflavin is necessary for the body to synthesis important antioxidants such as glutathione. Potassium is important for smooth muscle contraction.
3. Prevents aging.
Anti-inflammatory properties in mushrooms help in improving acne, eczema, and rosacea. Vitamin D, antioxidants, and Selenium present in mushrooms protects the skin from wrinkles.
Skin needs to be hydrated in order to glow and shine and mushrooms have polysaccharide that hydrates and plumps the skin, keeping it smooth and glowing.
Mushrooms benefits are natural that can prevent wrinkles, age spots, uneven skin tone and discolouration. Many skin diseases can be treated by mushrooms because of their anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidants properties in it.
4. Good for heart health.
Mushrooms nutrition is fat and cholesterol-free, low in sodium and kilojoules, high in potassium, and other important nutrients that contribute to a healthy heart.
Fresh mushrooms have both soluble and insoluble fibers, soluble fibers help in preventing and managing cardiovascular diseases because it lowers the LDL cholesterol level.
Mushrooms nutrition act as ACE inhibitors that relax the blood vessels and reduce blood volume, so the heart doesn’t have a difficulty in pumping the blood through them.
Mushrooms such as button, maitake, shiitake, and oyster reduce the production of the adhesion molecules that makes the walls of the blood vessels sticky, which ultimately contributes to the blockage in blood vessels.
It helps in proper regulation of blood pressure by providing potassium.
5. Provide energy.
Cordyceps, also known as the “Olympic mushroom” provides the body with cordycepin. Cordycepin is molecularly identical to ATP ( adenosine triphosphate) which is the main compound for our cellular energy. Cordyceps increases the production of ATP.
Shiitake mushrooms are highly rich in vitamin B that helps the body to turn the food into easily usable energy.
Since mushrooms nutrition are rich in thiamine, folate, pantothenic acid, niacin, riboflavin, and vitamin B, they accelerate the body to turn the energy from the food into producing red blood cells that carry the oxygen throughout the body.
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